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Understanding Your Results

 *If you follow the links to learn more about your results, please refer to the Reference Ranges for comparison. If your values are more than a few points outside of normal ranges, or if you have any concerns, please consult your personal physician so that he/she may interpret the lab values in light of your personal medical history and physical condition.

Blood Pressure

The systolic pressure (first measure) indicates the amount of pressure when the heart is contracting.  The diastolic pressure (second measure) indicates the amount of pressure when the heart is relaxing or the minimal amount of pressure in the arteries at all times. 

Systolic / Diastolic  

Recommendation 

 

Normal 

<120  /  <80 

Recheck in 2 Years  

 

Pre-Hypertension

120-139  /  80-89

Recheck in 1 year

Monitor & consider modifying lifestyle

Hypertension

          Stage 1  

140-159  /  90-99

Confirm within 2 months

Consult with your health professional

          Stage 2  

>159  /  >99

Evaluate or refer to source of care immediately

 

 

If the systolic and diastolic categories are different, the greater risk category applies.
 
Source: U.S. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute / National Institutes of Health

Cholesterol or Lipid Panel

Cholesterol is one of several components that form your lipid profile.  

Total Cholesterol (TC) is a measure of the total amount of both “good” and “bad” cholesterol in your blood at a given time.TC is measured in milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL). 

A TC of less than 200 mg/dL is desirable. 

The "good" cholesterol is called High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol.  It removes excess cholesterol from your arteries and moves it to the liver for further processing or to be eliminated from the body.  The higher your HDL, the better.

An HDL of 60 mg/dL or higher is beneficial and considered a negative risk factor.  An HDL of 40 mg/dL or lower is considered a risk factor for heart disease. 

A TC/HDL Ratio is total cholesterol divided by HDL cholesterol.  Some healthcare professionals may use this ratio to assess risk for developing heart disease – lower ratios are associated with lower risk.

Triglycerides (TRG) are composed of fatty acids and glycerol.  Like cholesterol, they circulate in your blood, but are stored in body fat and used when the body needs extra energy.  While your triglyceride level can be significantly affected by how recently you’ve eaten, total cholesterol and HDL are only slightly affected. After eating, your triglyceride level increases significantly.  If your body processes the fat efficiently, the level of triglycerides will decrease naturally.

Your fasting triglyceride level should be below 150 mg/dL.

The “bad” cholesterol is called Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol.  It contributes to the buildup of fat deposits in your arteries (atherosclerosis), which can cause decreased blood flow and heart attack.  LDL contains remnants of Very Low Density

Lipoprotein (VLDL) cholesterol, which is another carrier of fat in the blood. 

About 65% of the cholesterol in your blood is LDL. 

An LDL of less than 130 mg/dL is desirable. 

If you have a personal history of coronary heart disease or diabetes, or it you have multiple risk factors, your LDL should be below 100 mg/dL.

Your healthcare professional will carefully examine the test results of your lipid profile to fully assess your risk for coronary heart disease.  You should discuss abnormal results with your personal physician.
In general, high levels of HDL are associated with a low risk of Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) and high levels of LDL are associated with a high incidence of CAD.

Glucose

Glucose is a measure of the sugar level in your blood.  If you are overweight or have a family history of diabetes, your glucose levels should be checked periodically to see if you have diabetes.

Fasting glucose levels should be between 70-100 mg/dL

A level of 100-125mg/dL means you have impaired fasting glucose, a type of prediabetes. This increases your risk for type 2 diabetes.

A level of 126 mg/dL and higher most often means you have diabetes.

Body Composition

Your body fat percentage is an important measure of your total health.  The human body is composed of lean body mass and fat tissue. 

Lean body mass is made up of bone, muscle, blood, organs, and connective tissue.  Fat tissue, necessary for life and health, is nevertheless often stored in excessive amounts in many people. 

An important step in developing your fitness goals is to define a healthy weight level and body fat level.   

Healthy Norms:

 

Optimal

Average

Overweight

Male

12-18%

19-25%

26+%

Female

18-25%

26-30%

31+%